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Court Descriptions

Cuyahoga County Court of Common Pleas

General Division

Each judge in the General Division of the Cuyahoga County Court of Common Pleas has general jurisdiction to hear civil and criminal cases.

For more information go to http://cp.cuyahogacounty.us/ccpcourt/index.aspx

Juvenile Court Division

Judges of the Juvenile Court have jurisdiction over a variety of matters concerning children under the age of 18. Children who commit crimes or are disobedient in school or home are brought before the Court. The Court also hears cases concerning the abuse, neglect or dependency of children and matters concerning the paternity, financial support, and custody of children of unmarried parents.

For more information, go to http://juvenile.cuyahogacounty.us/.

Domestics Relation Division

The Domestic Relations Court presides over divorces, dissolutions, legal separations, annulments, domestic violence petitions, enforcement of foreign support orders, establishments of certain foreign support cases and registration of certain non-Ohio divorce decrees. Additionally, the court continues to retain jurisdiction to enforce its own orders and to modify issues relating to the custody of children and child support.

For more information go to http://domestic.cuyahogacounty.us/Generalinformation.htm

Qualification of Candidates for Court of Common Pleas

To qualify as a candidate for election to any division of the Court of Common Pleas, a person must be an attorney admitted to practice in Ohio with at least six years of experience in the practice of law in Ohio.


Eighth District Court of Appeals

The primary function of the Eighth District Court of Appeals is to hear appeals of judgments and final orders entered in civil and criminal cases entered by all trial courts in Cuyahoga County. The Eighth District Court of Appeals hears appeals from the General Division, Domestic Relations Division, Probate Division and Juvenile Division of the Court of Common Pleas of Cuyahoga County, and from every municipal court in the county.

A case seeking an extraordinary writ may be filed in the Court of Appeals as an original action. Extraordinary writs include writs of habeas corpus (inquiry into the cause of an allegedly unlawful imprisonment), writs of mandamus (ordering a public official to perform a required act), writs of procedendo (compelling a lower court to proceed to judgment) and of prohibition (ordering a lower court not to engage in unlawful action) and writs of quo warranto (issued against a person or corporation for usurpation, misuse or abuse of public office or corporate office or franchise.

Each case before the Court of Appeals is heard by three judges. A majority is necessary to render judgment in all cases except that the reversal of a judgment resulting from a trial by jury, based upon the weight of the evidence, requires the concurrence of all three judges.

Qualifications of Candidates for Court of Appeals Judge

To qualify as a candidate for election to the Court of Appeals, a person must be an attorney admitted to practice in Ohio with at least six years of experience in the practice of law in Ohio.

For more information about the Eighth District Court of Appeals, go to www.cuyahogacounty.us/appeals/default.htm


Ohio Supreme Court

The Ohio Supreme Court is the highest court in Ohio, and the court of last resort. All seven Justices hear each case, and a decision is rendered by a majority.

Most of the Supreme Court’s cases are appeals from the twelve district courts of appeals. The Court may grant leave to appeal felony cases from the courts of appeals and may direct a court of appeals to certify its record in any civil or misdemeanor case that the Court finds to be “of public or great general interest”.

The Court also has appellate jurisdiction of several specific types of cases, including cases involving questions arising under the Ohio or U.S. Constitution, cases in which the opinions of two different courts of appeals, on the same issue, are in conflict, all cases in which the death penalty has been imposed, and decisions of certain administrative agencies, including the Public Utilities Commission and the Board of Tax Appeals.

Cases seeking extraordinary writs may be filed in the Supreme Court as original actions. Extraordinary writs include writs of habeas corpus (inquiry into the cause of an allegedly unlawful imprisonment), writs of mandamus (ordering a public official to perform a required act), writs of procedendo (compelling a lower court to proceed to judgment) and of prohibition (ordering a lower court not to engage in unlawful action) and writs of quo warranto (issued against a person or corporation for usurpation, misuse or abuse of public office or corporate office or franchise.

The Ohio Supreme Court has the exclusive authority to regulate the practice of law in Ohio. The Court also has authority to prescribe rules government practice and procedure in all courts of Ohio and to supervise all state courts.

Qualifications of Candidates for Ohio Supreme Court Justice

To qualify as a candidate for election to the Supreme Court, a person must be an attorney admitted to practice in Ohio with at least six years of experience in the practice of law.

For more information about the Ohio Supreme Court, go to www.sconet.state.oh.us.